The War of the Worlds Book By H. G. Wells (PDF - Summary - Review - Online Reading - Download)

The War of the Worlds novel by H. G. Wells is a science fiction novel by English author H. G. Wells, serialized for the first time in 1897 by Pearson's Magazine in the United Kingdom and by Cosmopolitan magazine in the United States. The first appearance of the hardcover novel was in 1898 by the editor William Heinemann of London. Written between 1895 and 1897, it is one of the first stories that details a conflict between humanity and an extraterrestrial race.

The novel is the first-person narration of an unidentified protagonist in Surrey and his younger brother in London when the south of England is invaded by Martians. The novel is one of the most commented works in the science fiction canon.

The plot has been related to the invasion literature of the time. The novel has been interpreted in various ways as a commentary on the theory of evolution, British imperialism and, in general, Victorian superstitions, fears, and prejudices. Wells said the plot arose from an argument with his brother Frank about the catastrophic effect of the British on the natives of Tasmania. What would happen, he wondered, if the Martians did to Britain what the British had done to the Tasman? The Tasmanians, however, lacked lethal pathogens to defeat their invaders. At the time of publication, it was classified as a scientific romance, like Wells's previous novel, The Time Machine.

The war of the worlds has been popular (without being exhausted) and influential, generating half a dozen feature films, radio dramas, a record album, several comic book adaptations, a series of television series and sequels or parallel stories by other authors. It was dramatically dramatized on a 1938 radio show that supposedly caused public panic among listeners who did not know that the Martian invasion was fiction.

The novel has even influenced the work of scientists, particularly Robert H. Goddard, who, inspired by the book, invented both the liquid fuel rocket and the multi-stage rocket, which resulted in the landing on the Apollo Moon 11 71 years later.

Book Summary
When an army of invading Martians lands in England, panic, and terror take over the population. As aliens cross the country in huge three-legged machines, incinerating everything in their path with a heat ray and spreading harmful toxic gases, the people of the Earth must accept the prospect of the end of human civilization and the beginning of Martian domain.

Inspiring movies, radio dramas, adaptations of comics, television series and sequels, The War of the Worlds is a prototypical science fiction work that has influenced all the extraterrestrial stories that have emerged since then, and is unmatched in its ability to Excite, much more. a century since it was first published.

Book Club Questions

Book Review
It is a fad of literary history that the story of HG Wells's Martian invasion is probably more famous for its adaptations: the radio play by Orson Welles that supposedly tricked the United States into believing they were really under the attack of Martians, movies, television series, even Jeff Wayne's double album and live tour, that the innovative original, first published in serial format in Pearson Magazine in 1897.

Maybe it's because there isn't a hero character like Dan Dare or Buck Rogers to get attention in the battle of Wells civilizations; Almost no one, in fact, has a name. There is no pulsating final battle, in which a winner is adorned with the spoils of victory because the defeated species fall by much more prosaic means. Even the language, sometimes, is very important. One of the first observations made by the journalist narrator when encountering the creature that has emerged from the alien cylinder in, er, Surrey, is to notice quite starkly "the absence of a chin."

Each generation has adapted War of the Worlds to reflect their own concerns; the imminent conflict in Europe in the late 1930s, the cold war in the 1953 film by George Pal and the Spielberg version after 9/11 about history. But in doing so, they usually overlook the key to enjoying Wells's book. To a large extent, a commentary on the ethics of the seemingly advanced Victorian world continually compares the acts of destruction of the Martians with our own destruction of indigenous populations of animals and humans in the name of "progress." There is a progressive feeling, throughout the book, that perhaps humanity deserves this invasion and should not consider itself as almighty. All of which makes it much more satisfying than a direct extraterrestrial invasion drama, octopus, a true classic that has pointed the way not only for science fiction writers but for the way we as civilization could think of ourselves.

About The Author
Herbert George Wells was born to a working-class family in Kent, England. Young Wells received a spotty education, interrupted by several illnesses and family difficulties, and became a draper's apprentice as a teenager. The headmaster of Midhurst Grammar School, where he had spent a year, arranged for him to return as an "usher," or student teacher. Wells earned a government scholarship in 1884, to study biology under Thomas Henry Huxley at the Normal School of Science. Wells earned his bachelor of science and doctor of science degrees at the University of London. After marrying his cousin, Isabel, Wells began to supplement his teaching salary with short stories and freelance articles, then books, including The Time Machine (1895), The Island of Dr. Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), and The War of the Worlds (1898).